This essay is by Charles Landis
In Part I of this essay (Dialectical Materialism), I make the argument that the analytic of Karl Marx (thesis, antithesis, and synthesis) is existentially the ideology of the Socialist Democratic Party. If, for example, you read Marx or Stalin’s Constitution of 1936, you would think this was Bernie Sanders’ (et al) play book: promise of guaranteed income, free medical care, housing, education, proletarian control, … etc. Indeed, this is the agenda of the Democrat Party contenders for the 2020 presidential election and the prevailing party base.
In his Communist Manifesto, Marx says in order to establish a classless socialist society there must be a violent revolution and a dictatorship of the proletariat as has been the case in Russia (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), Peoples Republic of China, Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Cuba… etc. and arguably the National Socialist Party of Germany (Nazi) albeit based upon racial identity.
In later years, however, Marx conceded the end for a socialist state could be achieved by peaceful democratic means but would require changes in governance in the process. In the United States this would mean elimination of such fundamental principles of our Constitution as separation of powers as provided for by the Administrative State, the democratic republican structure, and the electoral college.
The Administrative State refers to the vast bureaucracy of the Federal government within the executive branch. Th phrase Administrative State was coined by Ralph Waldo in his dissertation on Public administration at Yale in 1948. His thesis was that the purpose of bureaucracies was to do public good and not a business model of efficiency and scientific management but with authorities that transcend the traditional boundaries of executive power to include also legislative and judicial powers; independent of political control and in good measure of presidential control. Ie. Executive orders.
The concept of an Administrative State is traced back to writings of Woodrow Wilson in 1885 wherein he believed it was necessary to separate politics from administration and “freeing administration from the confines of constitutional law.” And … “to free us from the idea that checks and balances are to be carried down through all ages…” The expert civil servant, secure in his position and with no self-interest would only focus on doing the public good.
The vast expansion of new administrative agencies in the era of FDR in the 1930s and again with Johnson’s Great Society in the 1960s, together with the increased regulatory environment of Obama, define the scope and space occupied by the Administrative State in the national economy today. In 1984, the Supreme Court in a landmark case (Chevron v National Recourses Defense Council) held that courts should defer to the regulatory agencies when they interpret laws passed by congress… “unless the agencies interpretation are unreasonable.”
The ability of administrative agencies to make the law by rules and regulations, enforce the laws, and adjudicate the laws by the agencies own administrative law judges is of great concern to conservatives and those who believe in the “separation of powers” as mandated by the Constitution. A new study by professor Jeffrey Pojanowski of Notre Dame Law School argues the Chevron Deference gives too much power to administrative agencies and undermines the rule of law: first because it makes it easier for agencies to make law and policy and, second , it undermines the court’s duty to determine what the law is.
The political theory of our Founders was that the primary purpose of government was to protect the natural rights of man as in the In the Declaration of Independence which asserts…”there are self-evident truths.. all men are created equal…endowed by our creator with certain unalienable rights… among these are Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness.” The Bill of Rights enumerated certain other rights and freedoms. All in a social compact between the government and the governed.
In a scholarly essay on the Admirative State written for the Heritage Foundation, professor Ronald Pestritto, an authority on the Constitution at the Claremont Institute , writes that Wilson and Frank Goodnow, president of John Hopkins, set the agenda for achieving the Progressive big government liberalism. They rejected the social compact of the Founders because they said it had no “historical foundation” and the rights guaranteed by the Constitution were not conferred by a creator, but by the society to which we belong.
The success of the Progressive Socialist Democrat Party is dependent upon the continued diminution of the separation of powers and promotion of the Administrative State that allows delegation and combination of powers and insulation from political and judicial control. It is the Chevron Deference that allowed Obama to boast that if congress did not act because of political differences, he would act to accomplish his goals with his pen; meaning exercising executive orders via administrative agencies and the Chevron Deference. Indeed, this is how thousands of new regulations were promogulated, and roll back was at top of Trump’s agenda.
To understand fully the agenda of the Progressive Democratic Party, one needs only to go to the website of the Democratic Socialists of America, which is the largest socialist organization in America and successor to the Socialist Party of America which was formed in 1901. Here you will find everything you need to understand about the Democrat Socialist Party. It is the road map.
The Democrat Socialists say their socialism is different from that of Russia, China, etc. because their focus is on the means to their end is by democratic means… which is exactly what all the socialists/communist authoritarian[CL1] regimes said. When Bernie Sanders says the movement is a “a political revolution” he does not mean (I hope} a dictatorship of the proletariat by a violent revolution. The Democratic Socialists will achieve control of large corporations by having equal representation on boards of directors by the working class (proletariat) and the break up of large financial institutions.
Th Administrative State (Federal Government) employs 2.7 million federal workers in over 2000 agencies, bureaus, commissions, and government corporations. During the Obama administration nearly 500,000 pages of new rules and guidelines were added to the Federal Register’ The Tax Foundation calculates 4.9 million people are employed for compliance. Nearly 2/3 of a $4.2 trillion budget is for mandatory entitlement programs. It is mind numbing to think about the cost of all the new entitlements the Progressive Democratic Party promises
The manifestos of the Democratic Socialists of America, the Progressive Socialist Democrat Party, and Marx are the same. The distinction is the means…the Administrative State and confiscatory taxation.