NOAA Fisheries State of the Ecosystem reports are produced annually by scientists at the Northeast Fisheries Science Center. They collaborate with other NOAA researchers and collaborators from academia, non-profit organizations, and state agencies.
The reports are presented annually to the Mid-Atlantic and New England Fishery Management Councils as part of a larger, ongoing NOAA-wide initiative to advance ecosystem-based management. NOAA scientists use the Integrated Ecosystem Assessment approach to advance this type of management. They incorporate all components of an ecosystem, including human needs and activities, into the decision-making process. This approach helps managers balance trade-offs and determine what is more likely to achieve their desired goals.